Can a diabetic woman become pregnant
Pregnancy and diabetes doesn't have to be a risky combination. By preparing for pregnancy, you can boost the odds of delivering a healthy baby. Here's how. If you have diabetes — either type 1 or type 2 — and you're thinking about having a baby, you might worry about possible risks. To put your mind at ease, start preparing.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Can diabetes affect fertility? - Nourish with Melanie #88
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: High Risk Pregnancy: DiabetesContent:
Does diabetes affect fertility?
Please sign in or sign up for a March of Dimes account to proceed. Women with diabetes can and do have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies.
Managing diabetes can help reduce your risk for complications. Untreated diabetes increases your risk for pregnancy complications, like high blood pressure, depression, premature birth, birth defects and pregnancy loss.
If you have preexisting diabetes, you need extra prenatal care checkups so your provider can make sure you and your baby are doing well.
How you controlled diabetes before pregnancy may not work as well during pregnancy. You may need to make changes to keep you and your baby healthy. Diabetes is a condition in which your body has too much sugar in the blood called blood sugar or glucose. Preexisting diabetes also called pregestational diabetes means you have diabetes before you get pregnant.
This is different from gestational diabetes , which is a kind of diabetes that some women get during pregnancy. But untreated diabetes can cause complications for both moms and babies. In the United States, about 1 to 2 percent of pregnant women have preexisting diabetes. The number of women with diabetes during pregnancy has increased in recent years.
When you eat, your body breaks down sugar and starches from food into glucose to use for energy. Your pancreas an organ behind your stomach makes a hormone called insulin that helps your body keep the right amount of glucose in your blood.
This can cause serious health problems, like heart disease, kidney failure and blindness. High blood sugar can be harmful to your baby during the first few weeks of pregnancy when his brain, heart, kidneys and lungs begin to form. Treatment for diabetes can help prevent problems like these. There are two types of preexisting diabetes. Managing them before and during pregnancy can help reduce your risk of complications:. Most babies born to women with preexisting diabetes are healthy after birth.
Pregnancy can make health complications associated with diabetes worse. Some can be life-threatening. Getting regular treatment and managing your diabetes during pregnancy can help you prevent severe complications. To best manage your diabetes during pregnancy, you need a team of health care providers who work together to give you the best all-around care.
Your team is led by:. Before you try to get pregnant, make sure each provider knows about your pregnancy plans and the other providers you see. All your providers work together with you to help you get ready for pregnancy and stay healthy during pregnancy.
They make sure that any treatment you get is safe for your baby. Share their contact information so you and your providers can connect easily. If you have diabetes, your prenatal care provider wants to see you often during pregnancy so she can monitor you and your baby closely to help prevent problems. At each prenatal care checkup , you get tests to make sure you and your baby are doing well. Tests can include:.
Your provider tells you how often to check your blood sugar, what your levels should be and how to manage them during pregnancy. Blood sugar is affected by pregnancy, what you eat and drink and how much physical activity you get. What worked for you before pregnancy to control your blood sugar may not work as well during pregnancy. You may need to change what you eat or your physical activity. If you were taking insulin before pregnancy, you may need to take more during pregnancy, or you may need to take insulin shots.
During labor and birth , your provider watches your glucose level closely. You can take insulin during labor. Some pregnant women with diabetes become insulin resistant. During pregnancy, the placenta grows in your uterus womb and supplies food and oxygen to your baby through the umbilical cord. The placenta also makes hormones that help your baby develop.
But these hormones can make you insulin resistant. Breast milk is the best food for a baby in the first year of life. It helps him grow healthy and strong. Talk to your providers before your baby is born about breastfeeding:. Hypoglycemia is low blood sugar and hyperglycemia is high blood sugar. Both of these conditions are common if you have preexisting diabetes.
If you have signs or symptoms of either condition, tell your provider. Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia include:. You may have hyperglycemia if:. If you have hyperglycemia, you may need to change the amount of insulin you take, your meal plan or the amount of physical activity you get. Signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia include:. Your provider can check you for these conditions during pregnancy to make sure you and your baby stay healthy.
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In This Topic View More. Plan your pregnancy. Get your diabetes under control 3 to 6 months before you get pregnant. What is preexisting diabetes? This is because your immune system destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin.
If you have type 1 diabetes, you need to take insulin every day. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, but you can get it at any age. Type 2 diabetes. This is the most common kind of diabetes. It most often is diagnosed in adults, but you can develop it at any age.
Can preexisting diabetes cause problems during pregnancy? Birth defects are health conditions that are present at birth. Birth defects change the shape or function of one or more parts of the body.
They can cause problems in overall health, how the body develops, or in how the body works. Cesarean birth. Cesarean birth also called c-section is surgery in which your baby is born through a cut that your doctor makes in your belly and uterus womb. You may need to have a c-section if you have complications during pregnancy, like your baby being very large called macrosomia.
High blood pressure and preeclampsia. High blood pressure is when the force of blood against the walls of the blood vessels is too high.
Planning a pregnancy with type 1 or 2 diabetes
COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest public health information from CDC: www. If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant.
Blood sugar that is not well controlled in a pregnant woman with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes could lead to problems for the woman and the baby:. The organs of the baby form during the first two months of pregnancy, often before a woman knows that she is pregnant. Blood sugar that is not in control can affect those organs while they are being formed and cause serious birth defects in the developing baby, such as those of the brain, spine, and heart. Besides causing discomfort to the woman during the last few months of pregnancy, an extra large baby can lead to problems during delivery for both the mother and the baby.
Log in Sign up. Before you begin Get ready for pregnancy Food, weight and fertility. Community groups. Home Getting pregnant Before you begin Existing health problems. Morag Martindale GP and expert in baby and women's health. If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes there are steps you can take to prepare yourself for pregnancy. You will need to be very careful to monitor your blood sugar glucose levels, though. Sometimes these complications can result in a baby being born with a life-long condition , although this is rare. Before you start trying for a baby, ask your GP for advice.
I have diabetes. What should I know before I get pregnant?
Worried about the coronavirus? Here's what you should know. Read more. Pregnancy is often a time of great highs and lows. It can be awesome and thrilling—when you hear the baby's heartbeat or feel the first tiny kick.
Many people believe that getting pregnant when they already have diabetes is not possible because of the struggles women in the past may have faced, which preceded more modern treatments, monitoring tools, and knowledge. Today, however, being diabetic does not mean that your pregnancy is destined for struggle, complications, or miscarriage. That said, you do need to be proactive in your diabetes care prior to pregnancy to optimize you and your baby's health and prevent possible complications, like birth defects.
Diabetes and Pregnancy
Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Most pregnant women with diabetes will go on to have a healthy baby, but there are some possible complications you should be aware of. The information on this page is for women who were diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes before they got pregnant. It doesn't cover gestational diabetes — high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born.
Diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range. There are three types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Insulin is the hormone that controls blood sugar levels, keeping them in the healthy range. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is unable to make enough insulin. Daily medication insulin is therefore needed to control blood sugar levels.
Diabetes and getting pregnant
Diabetes Diabetes and getting pregnant. Having a chronic condition such as diabetes diabetes mellitus takes careful monitoring of your health at the best of times, and this becomes even more crucial during pregnancy, a time when your body changes dramatically. Most women who have pre-existing diabetes who become pregnant have type 1 diabetes once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes , although some may have type 2 once called non-insulin dependent or maturity-onset diabetes. Another type of diabetes called gestational diabetes is a temporary type of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before and it usually goes away after the baby is born. What it does mean is that you will probably have to work closely with your doctor and other healthcare professionals to ensure you manage your diabetes well during your pregnancy. Seeing your doctor for pre-pregnancy planning is an important step in ensuring the best outcome for you and your baby.
There was a time when women who had diabetes were strongly advised to avoid getting pregnant. Attempting to produce a biologically-related family was just too dangerous [source: Brucker ]. Fortunately, diabetic women are no longer given that heartbreaking direction from caregivers.
Please sign in or sign up for a March of Dimes account to proceed. Women with diabetes can and do have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies. Managing diabetes can help reduce your risk for complications. Untreated diabetes increases your risk for pregnancy complications, like high blood pressure, depression, premature birth, birth defects and pregnancy loss.
If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning a family, you should plan your pregnancy as much as possible. Controlling your blood sugars before conception and throughout pregnancy gives you the best chance of having a trouble-free pregnancy and birth and a healthy baby. Women with diabetes will need to closely monitor their blood sugar levels during their pregnancy. If you develop diabetes during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes.